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Re: Bolivia

Post by blindpig » Sun Aug 22, 2021 5:05 pm

21 Aug 2021 , 7:26 am .

The massacres of Sacaba and Senkata in 2019 were responsibilities attributed to the coup government of Áñez (Photo: Luisa González / Reuters)

After the coup d'état in Bolivia against Evo Morales in 2019, the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (IACHR) made a visit to that country at the end of that year to review the use of force by the police and military by the de facto government. led by Jeanine Áñez.

As a result of that visit, the IACHR, together with the Plurinational State of Bolivia, created the Interdisciplinary Group of Independent Experts (GIEI-Bolivia) to carry out the pertinent investigations on the human rights violations that occurred in Bolivia between 1 September and December 31, 2019.

The executive secretary of the GIEI-Bolivia was Jaime Vidal, who had a large technical team of different nationalities, coordinated by five different experts in the field of human rights. These were based on the collection of testimonies from the victims, those involved and witnesses in the violent events.

The report consists of eight chapters; Below we will provide a general review of this, the context and beginnings of which are discussed in Chapter 2, taking into account the strike organized by the coup leader Luis Fernando Camacho, the role of the Organization of American States (OAS), political tensions, forced resignation of the then president Evo Morales and the consolidation of the coup.


In the report, an X-ray was made of the human rights violations in different areas of Bolivia. For experts, the department of Santa Cruz was the focus of tensions of the events in question and was also the area that experienced the most acts of violence, with injuries and two deaths on October 30, 2019 .

In Cochabamba, the specialists pointed out three elements of the conflict in that territory.

The Cochala Youth Resistance Organization (RJC) is classified in the report as a shock group and the tactic used in the 2019 demonstrations was based on the transfer with motorcycles using handmade bazookas or other explosive devices to attack the followers of the Movement. to Socialism (MAS). It is recalled that this organization carried out destruction to the facilities of the Bolivian Attorney General's Office in October 2020.

In March 2021, an arrest warrant was issued to the leader of the RJC, Yassir Molina.
The police riot that occurred in November 2019 that demanded the dismissal of the departmental commander at that time and immediately the rebels received the support of the RJC. This was a key event in triggering the violence.
The burning of the Wiphala, indigenous flag and symbol of the protests in favor of the government of Evo Morales.
In reference to the RCJ, the GIEI-Bolivia had access to more than 20 videos that prove that members of the RCJ were the protagonists of acts of violence and discrimination.

This section includes the aggression made by more than 300 people to the mayor of the town of Vinto, María Patricia Arce Guzmán . The mayor was beaten with sticks until she lost consciousness, stones were thrown at her, she walked barefoot on glass and other attacks.

Patricia Arce pointed out to the GIEI-Bolivia that while they were forcibly taking her away, "the police were there." His testimony coincided with the video to which the GIEI had access, in which it is observed that, while the mayor was attacked, several police officers watched the scene without taking protection or safeguard measures.

Based on these and other facts, the GIEI explains that the police and the Armed Forces maintained a conduct outside of their institutional principles, due to the omission of certain attacks and in the operations they highlighted the disproportionate use of force and repression , concluding that there were clearly human rights violations.

In this context, one of the first actions implemented by the de facto government of Jeanine Áñez was the promulgation of Supreme Decree 4078 , which gave the Armed Forces carte blanche to attack the Bolivian people with total impunity.

Likewise, the investigation adds the events in La Paz, El Alto and other cities, which roughly all have the common denominator of wounded and murdered in the acts of violence in the heat of the coup in Bolivia.

After conducting a meticulous investigation based on audiovisual materials, testimonies and technical analysis, it is evident that the behavior of police personnel, including the doctor, was biased by racial, ethnic and political criteria, so the GIEI-Bolivia indicated 11 conclusions, having as a consideration that the demonstrations were based on attacks, looting and burning of public facilities.

It should also be noted that discrimination actions were carried out against indigenous peoples. The insults and attacks on symbols of indigenous identity demonstrate this. The GIEI group of specialists adds concern about a particularity of these acts, and that is that the majority were directed towards indigenous women.

Broadly speaking, the conclusions of the research are:

*At least 37 people lost their lives and hundreds of people were injured, with the participation of the Police and the Armed Forces, who separately or in joint operations used force disproportionately.

*The GIEI asks the victims for justice to carry out the process of social recomposition.

*The protests and blockades in the streets were carried out under the leadership of politicians, they were not spontaneous actions.

*The political discourse took on racial overtones, opting for discrimination against the indigenous people.

*Lack of confidence in the administration of justice and the security forces.

*It is essential that progress is made in investigations and judicial processes.

*For the GIEI, the constant mobilizations of society that seek to influence the State apparatus often generate conflicts between groups.

*Finally, the GIEI-Bolivia also formulates a list of recommendations on the investigative product. As a first step, it points out the need to implement a victim care plan. This is supported by the recommendation to the Public Ministry to develop an investigation strategy and that it be applied to all human rights violations.

On Tuesday August 17, President Luis Arce received the GIEI-Bolivia report announcing that the government will apply the suggested recommendations. President Arce highlighted that the report narrates the self-proclamation of Jeanine Áñez as de facto president of Bolivia and how this unleashed a series of discriminatory actions, revealing the consummation of the coup against Evo Morales and the persecution of the MAS.

The Bolivian president reported that Supreme Decree 4461, which gave amnesty to those involved in the acts of violence, will soon be repealed to avoid impunity. ... ei-bolivia

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Re: Bolivia

Post by blindpig » Wed Sep 01, 2021 12:57 pm

Evo Morales and Social Groups Create “People's General Staff”

Evo Morales and social sectors activate the People's General Staff to protect Arce's administration. | Photo: Twitter @tercerainfo3i

Published 31 August 2021 (10 hours 44 minutes ago)

The former president of Bolivia, Evo Morales, is promoting the creation of the "Estado Mayor del Pueblo" (The People´s General Staff) to defend and guarantee the Government of Luis Arce.

"The social, union and indigenous organizations decided to form the General Staff of the People for the people as a space to defend the sovereignty and dignity of our democratic and multicultural revolution (...)," Morales announced on Monday after a meeting of leaders, held in Cochabamba in the center of the South American country.

In this sense, the former president stressed that the "Estado Mayor" is made up of "national organizations affiliated and not affiliated to the Central Obrera Boliviana (COB)," including the peasant and indigenous confederations grouped in the Unity Pact, one of the pillars of the ruling Movement Towards Socialism (MAS).

The founding declaration of the "Estado Mayor" has been disclosed by the media. It acknowledges the signatures of Morales and national leaders of the miners and oil unions, together with organizations of mining cooperatives, peasant women and indigenous peoples.

"We decide to conform the Major State of the people as a plurinational space in defense of the sovereignty and dignity of our democratic and cultural revolution in the face of the siege of the capitalist system and the fascist and racist right-wing with false populist discourse" states the note.

1° The trade union and indigenous social organizations decided to create the Estado Mayor del Pueblo for the people as a space
for the defense of the sovereignty and dignity of our democratic and cultural revolution.

Another of the resolutions is the declaration of a permanent state of emergency "to defend the democratic institutionality of the Plurinational State." They also determined "to protect the administration of the Government of President Luis Arce and Vice President David Choquehuanca against the destabilization attempts of the right-wing at national and international level.

Arce's triumph in the October 18 elections, marking the return to power of MAS, has become a reality, despite all attempts by Bolivia's de facto government to prevent it.

That election took place 363 days after the coup d'état in Bolivia, orchestrated by the opposition and supported by the U.S., an event after which Morales resigned as President of the country. ... -0018.html


They reveal that coup plotters tried to assassinate Evo Morales

Details of the so-called Mission Bolivia are provided in the Mexican president's book Halfway. | Photo: @evoespueblo
Published September 1, 2021 (2 hours 2 minutes ago)

President López Obrador tells in his latest book "how we decided to give Evo Morales protection and asylum."

Bolivian coup leaders would have launched a projectile against the Mexican Air Force (FAM) plane in which the former president of that South American country, Evo Morales, was rescued in November 2019, as can be read in the most recent book by the president of Mexico , Andrés Manuel López Obrador.

López Obrador declared on Tuesday in his daily morning conference that in his last editorial work called Half the way, he tells “how we decided to give protection and asylum to Evo Morales,” in an operation called Mission Bolivia.

In the book, a document from the Secretariat of National Defense of Mexico is disseminated, in which elements of the FAM expressed their suspicions that a rocket could have been launched against the plane in which Morales was, who was the victim of a coup on November 10, 2019.

“During the initial ascent, the pilot managed to observe from the left side of the cockpit, and when he almost reached 1,500 feet above the ground, a light trail similar to the characteristic of a rocket at the seven o'clock position ( back to the left of the plane's trajectory) below the horizon ”, mentioned the official text.

"The pilot estimates that, in the case of a projectile, the point from which it was launched could be located in the vicinity of the Cochabamba airport," he added.

The document states that, from the time they were at the air terminal, an element of the Bolivian armed forces had permanently pointed an RPG rocket launcher at the aircraft.

“He made a tight turn towards the opposite side of the projectile trajectory (right side) increasing the rate of climb to avoid the impact, observing that the trace, well below the aircraft, parabola towards the ground without having reached the height that at that time they already had, approximately 3,000 feet above the ground, ”the report continued.

"Concluding his appreciation that the possible rocket could have come from the RPG launcher that he observed at the airport," he said.

The document indicated that the incident was not communicated to Evo Morales, so that the tension that existed at that time would not grow.

Gabriela Montaño, who at the time of the coup, was the Minister of Health of the Morales government, upon hearing the story, commented on her Twitter account: “I had a lump in my throat again, not only because I too he was on that plane. But because of what could have happened in the country if they had achieved the objective of killing Evo Morales ”.

"The shadows of terror sown in the Bolivian people cannot go unpunished," said the former minister. ... -0003.html

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They reveal a rise in coca cultivation in the Bolivian de facto government

Published 31 August 2021

According to the authorities, the increase of 3,900 hectares compared to 2019 was due to the precarious control of the de facto Government of Jeanine Áñez.

The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (Unodc, acronym in English) revealed this Tuesday in a report that the cultivation of the coca plant in Bolivia grew in 2020 by 15 percent compared to 2019.

This is an increase of 3,900 hectares, showing an increase from 25,500 in 2019 to 29,400 in 2020, to sustain the growth trend seen since 2016.

The document details that the regions of the Yungas of La Paz, the Tropic of Cochabamba (which includes producing areas in Santa Cruz and Beni), and the North of La Paz represented 62, 36, and 2 percent, respectively, of the areas cultivated with coca in the country.

The representative of the Unodc in Bolivia, Thierry Rostan, explained that between 2011 and 2015, the area of ​​illegal coca leaf crops destroyed exceeded 10,000 hectares, "which contributed to the net decrease and control" of the plantations.

On the other hand, in 2020, during Jeanine Áñez's administration it was only 2,177 hectares, "the lowest figure since the Unodc" carried out this monitoring and that "has not contributed to the net reduction" of crops, said the official.

For his part, the Minister of Government, Eduardo del Castillo, said that the de facto Government of Jeanine Añez turned its back on the "sovereign policy" established by the Evo Morales Administration for the eradication of surplus coca leaf crops, at the same time that it held him responsible for said increase.

Del Castillo rejected the attribution of poor results in the eradication of coca crops to the restrictions derived from the Covid-19 pandemic, and stated that the current Executive will seek to resume previous international standards, projecting the eradication of 9,000 hectares of coca crops this 2021, of which 5,300 have been destroyed to date.

He added that this process will not violate the sacred character of said plant, reflected in the Constitution; and that the anti-drug policy will respect the human rights of the coca growers and the revaluation of the coca leaf. ... -0035.html

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Re: Bolivia

Post by blindpig » Wed Oct 13, 2021 2:24 pm

eru: Castillo Struggles to Implement Promised Change
Posted by INTERNATIONALIST 360° on OCTOBER 11, 2021
Kawsachun News


A controversial cabinet reshuffle this week has served to show just how difficult it can be to implement radical and redistributive change. President Pedro Castillo won Peru’s June 6th elections in the second round. His flagship policies were; a new constitution and the nationalization of natural resources. The expulsion of US forces (military bases, USAID, DEA) was also part of the winning manifesto. However, all those promises have run up against corporate interests, which appear to have forced the government into a corner following the controversial cabinet reshuffle.

When President Castillo was officially sworn in, in July, he made clear his intention to carry out the changes Peruvians voted for. He appointed Guido Bellido, as Prime Minister; an indigenous Quechua and a senior leader of the socialist Peru Libre party. Marxist professor Hector Bejar was appointed Foreign Minister. His first act as Minister was to withdraw from the anti-Venezuela ‘Lima Group’, leaving it without its headquarters.

However, the pressure began to be felt from day one. Every single national media outlet aggressively attacked President Castillo for choosing Bellido. Even the liberal La Republica newspaper employed the same McCarthyite language to implore Castillo to incorporate liberal establishment figures from the former administrations.

Peru’s Prime Minister addressed Congress today in Quechua, but the right-wing representatives shouted him down because they don’t understand it.

He reminds them that it’s his constitutional right to speak his own language.

— Kawsachun News (@KawsachunNews) August 26, 2021

Bejar was the first to be removed. Old comments by Bejar were unearthed in which he linked the CIA and Shining Path, and others where he stated that the military had committed human rights abuses during the civil war with the Shining Path, causing outrage within the Armed Forces. Bejar revealed in an interview to teleSUR that it was the Navy which forced him out, also pointing out that; “The Armed Forces do have deliberative power, therefore, this action by the Navy is unconstitutional.”

The military replaced Bejar with an establishment insider, Óscar Maúrtua, former Foreign Minister under the right-wing government of Alejandro Toledo (who is currently in Miami after fleeing corruption charges within Peru). Within days, Maúrtua had signed a cooperation agreement with USAID.

Bellido’s dismissal followed much the same format. The previous week he had released a statement that read, “We summon the Camisea gas operating and trading company to renegotiate the distribution of profits in favor of the state, if that’s not possible, we will opt for the recovery or nationalization of our resources”. It simply reiterated Pedro Castillo’s second most important campaign promise.

Nevertheless, it sent Peruvian media, opposition, and corporate interests, into a fit of rage. The opposition in congress released a joint statement the same day, saying that public control of natural resources is, “an authoritarian attitude that puts at grave risk the legal security of investments in the country”. The text goes on to say that the opposition will use Congress to “stop and defeat every threat of nationalization”.

A week later, Bellido was forced out of government. In a press conference announcing his departure, Bellido explained that; “The people are a witness to the manner in which, above the state, there are powerful forces that govern, pressure, coerce, denounce and persecute. Even if the President changes, these forces appear to be permanent and have captured the justice system, using it to criminalize all their political opponents”.

As in the case of Bejar, Bellido was replaced by another establishment figure, Mirth Vasquez, former President of Congress under the neoliberal Sagasti government which preceded Castillo.

Vladimir Cerron, the leader of Peru Libre, on whose ticket Pedro Castillo won the elections, has denounced this reshuffle saying, “We are sure that with the current cabinet they will not even try to fulfill the campaign promises, it will be a space to defend the status quo, the privileges of always, the historic discrimination against the people will be maintained.”

What’s clear is that the popular policies that Castillo won with, are being neutralized by those who want to ensure the continuity of Peru’s liberal technocratic style that governed before Castillo, and which was overwhelmingly rejected at the polls precisely because of that tendency’s inability to tackle poverty and inequality.

Hector Bejar was perhaps particularly prescient two months ago, when he said, “At this rate, President Castillo will have to ask the Armed Forces for permission before appointing each minister, if this continues then the military will end up governing. I hope that doesn’t happen.”



To help decipher what’s going on, we spoke to Peruvian journalist Martin Manco. Martin visited our offices in July, to meet with Evo Morales, we contacted him this weekend to hear his insight.

Governing in the interests of the poor, rather than elite interests, has proven more difficult than first thought for Pedro Castillo.

It’s been extremely difficult for Pedro Castillo to implement the transformations he envisaged, there’s a very strong resistance against change from within the government and I’ve discussed this with our brother Evo Morales.

It wasn’t just Bellido that is out now, but seven other Ministers removed, in Education, Labor, Production, Mining, Interior, Culture, and more. All these changes give an impression that Castillo has been pushed to the center, in Peru we call it ‘Humalisacion’, which means following the path of the ex-president Ollanta Humala who was elected as a leftist candidate but then abandoned his promises and governed as a neoliberal, building some social programs but maintaining the status quo with regard to the economic model on behalf of powerful economic interests.

Who is the new Prime Minister, does her government have any intention of implementing Castillo’s winning campaign promises such as a new constitution and nationalization of gas?

I think that the nationalization of gas is going to remain on the agenda despite this setback. There is broad recognition of the need for the state to have greater control of natural resources. We are very aware of the Bolivian experience in doing this and the success that it had under former President Evo Morales.

Mirtha Vazquez was President of Congress and her short period in that role isn’t seen as particularly negative. She’s clearly a more centrist figure and that’s how she governed, so we can see that Pedro Castillo has been pushed to the center on this. She’ll push the left within government, Peru Libre, to one side, and won’t respond to their priorities. The pressure for this to happen, from the media, congress, and from the population in Lima, has been overwhelming, they’re too scared to change the structures of society that they’ve grown accustomed to. Another factor has been capital flight, corporate interests have threatened Castillo saying they’ll ditch the local currency and keep their capital in dollars, which is something that the media uses to scare the population, those interests forced the price of the local currency to drop against the dollar to make clear the power they have. At an international level, the US dollar is falling, but within Peru, its value has shot up in comparison to our currency. That’s the power these special interest groups have. All this has scared Pedro Castillo into believing that they can destabilize the economy.

How has the media responded to these changes?

All media in Peru has had a very radical position against Pedro Castillo. Many were calling his government to be overthrown, others were declaring that Castillo won’t finish his term and was saying that as a threat. This cabinet reshuffle was designed to calm those attacks, hoping that they would take a less radical position against the government.

I think Pedro Castillo did want to implement big transformations, but has realized that the conditions were not necessarily there for a real change to the structures of power that are still dominant in the country. ... ed-change/


Anti-Government Strike by Far-Right in Bolivia Diminished by Counter-Mobilizations by Working Class
Posted by INTERNATIONALIST 360° on OCTOBER 12, 2021
Peoples Dispatch

On October 12, Bolivian Indigenous organizations, social movements and trade unions will hold nationwide mobilizations in defense of democracy, the socialist government of president Luis Arce and the Indigenous Wiphala flag. Photo: Archives

In response to the anti-government strike called for by the far-right sectors in Bolivia, hundreds of citizens took to the streets in different parts of the country to express their support for the socialist national government. Meanwhile, local media reported that the business activities are running normally across the country

A 24 hour strike called for today, October 11, by the far-right sectors in Bolivian against the socialist government of President Luis Arce has been diminished by massive counter-mobilizations by the working class and popular sectors in the country. Since midnight, hundreds of Bolivians have been marching in different parts of the country to express their support for the national government and to reject the destabilization action by the opposition forces.

In the capital La Paz, hundreds of citizens marched through main streets, shouting slogans such as “coup d’état never again.” Meanwhile, in the Santa Cruz department, a strong base of right-wing groups and oligarchy, the residents of the Plan 3000 district took to the streets and declared that they would allow the right-wing protesters to block roads in the department. In Santa Cruz de la Sierra, the capital city of the department, the supporters of the ruling Movement Towards Socialism (MAS) party, demonstrated in the streets against the opposition leader and governor of the department, Luis Fernando Camacho, as well as against the Pro Santa Cruz Civic Committee and its leader Rómulo Calvo, who gave the call for the strike.

Bolivian media outlet, Kawsachun News, reported this morning that the “anti-MAS strike has failed in every city” and that “everyone is working normally,” except for “a few wealthy districts in Santa Cruz.”

Gustavo Arce, the cultural secretary of Bolivia’s trade union center, the Central Obrera Boliviana (COB), confirmed that the businesses are running normally across the country. “Things are normal and, therefore, the aforementioned civic strike does not exist,” said the union leader in an interview with the state channel Bolivia TV.

The call for the strike was given on October 1, the day the Prosecutor’s Office summoned Camacho to testify over his role in the 2019 coup d’etat against former left-wing president Evo Morales. The far-right organization deemed the judicial action as an act of “political persecution.”

Various political and social leaders condemned that with the maneuver, the leaders of the civic committee were seeking impunity for those responsible for the 2019 civic-military coup and the massacres of those who resisted it in the streets.

In addition to the pro-government marches and demonstrations being held today, massive actions have been planned for tomorrow. Indigenous organizations, social movements and trade unions will hold nationwide mobilizations on October 12, celebrated as Decolonization Day in Bolivia.

These mobilizations were called on October 3, in defense of democracy and President Arce’s government, and against the insults to the Indigenous Wiphala flag by Camacho and his supporters in the past weeks. The Wiphala is a national patriotic symbol recognized by the Constitution. It represents the struggle for recognition and equality of the Indigenous people and is a sacred symbol of the Plurinational State of Bolivia. ... ing-class/
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Re: Bolivia

Post by blindpig » Mon Oct 18, 2021 2:35 pm

14 Oct 2021 , 9:10 am .

Everything indicates that new scenarios are currently being developed to promote color revolutions in Latin America. On this occasion, Bolivia and Cuba are once again in the sights of those seeking regime change in those nations.

Although the political circumstances are very different between the island and the Andean country, in both the recipe book is applied to promote internal crises whose purpose is implosion and destabilization, other forms of intervention that the United States uses to overthrow governments, or at least undermine them. , which are autonomous from the imperial designs.

According to the catechism of Gene Sharp, the world's most famous expert on non-violent revolutions, who developed 198 techniques to apply the strategy of regime change, one of the methods to promote revolutions of color is protest that reflects social discontent. , which generally erupts after electoral processes.


New destabilization plans are being prepared in the South American country, this time against the government of Luis Arce. Let us remember that those who seek to promote new scenarios of violence already participated in the coup against Evo Morales in 2019, which resulted in a cycle of political crisis that left dozens of deaths, persecutions against MAS leaders, corruption and a de facto government. .

Since Arce assumed the presidency, details of the network behind the 2019 coup have been revealed, a conspiracy in which the United States has participated indirectly, as it was discovered that they were planning to send mercenaries to Bolivia.

The Intercept medium broadcast some recordings of calls between Luis Fernando López, who was appointed as Defense Minister during the de facto government of Jeanine Áñez, and Joe Pereira, a former civil administrator of the United States Army sent to Bolivia and designated as the organizer of a mission with mercenaries in the South American country.

The coup would take place on the eve of the current president's inauguration, as rumors spread that, upon assuming power, he would supposedly replace the Bolivian armed forces and police with Cuban and Venezuelan militias. That almost two years after the coup in Bolivia against Evo Morales other elements of destabilization are added shows the continuity of a plan whose objective is to achieve the overthrow of any autonomous government of imperial designs.

Recently, a video was revealed in which the governor of the department of Santa Cruz, Luis Fernando Camacho, claims to have had 6 thousand miners armed with dynamite at his disposal to overthrow President Evo Morales. The video is from December 2019, one of the periods of greatest conflict in Bolivia after the coup.

"The talk was long and he told me: 'I'm going to overthrow Evo Morales, but promise me to be president.' I told him: 'Right now, let's recover democracy first. , ok, I promise you. '

Let us remember that Camacho was one of the most visible faces of the coup against Evo Morales. As president of the Pro Santa Cruz Committee, he undertook a kind of crusade from the richest area of ​​the country to the seat of the Government, in La Paz, under the slogan "God will return to the palace." Prior to this, he promoted a wave of racism that crystallized with the persecution of indigenous people, union leaders and militants of Morales's party, which included the burning of houses and lynchings.

Returning to the possible scenarios to come in Bolivia, and especially understanding the continuity of the plan to remove the MAS from the Government, it is plausible to assume that the recent protests by miners in the Andean country are not entirely spontaneous and correspond to an attempted operation. of regime change through a color revolution.

Recently, Clemente Ramos, the head of the MAS group in the Santa Cruz Departmental Legislative Assembly, said that a coup d'etat is brewing again. "I call on all social organizations in the Department of Santa Cruz to declare a state of emergency and mobilization to not allow another new coup (...) Luis Fernando Camacho has only created hatred and fascism," said the leader.

Proof that there is no apparent reason to protest are the statements of Camacho's follower that we present below, whose absurd speech shows that he does not even know why he is blocking the streets. "Because Camacho wants us to move on, because Camacho never gives up," he says. "Because Camacho is asking, I don't know what, but we are here blocking," he says when a journalist asks him how they intend to achieve the objectives and the reason for their protest.

Similar scenarios can be found in the recipe for the color revolution that has been tried to be applied in Venezuela, Cuba and Nicaragua, countries that, in addition to Bolivia, are in the crosshairs of the United States and its imperial interests.

On the other hand, in Cochabamba there have also been demonstrations to defend the right-wing mayor Manfred Reyes Villa from the central government. The argument is that they want to turn that country into Cuba or Venezuela.

Likewise, they warn that the pre-coup movements that are carried out in different latitudes of Bolivia are very similar to those of 2019, prior to the coup against Evo Morales, where the scenarios are La Paz, Santa Cruz and Cochabamba, epicenters in which they are carried out. Indigenous marches financed by the extreme right.

That armed groups have violently seized a coca market in La Paz and burned the Wiphala flag is an indication of this.

According to a report by KawsachunNews , a right-wing minority group of the association of coca growers from the Yungas region of La Paz took control of the official La Paz coca market, known as ADEPCOCA, by force a few days ago, and His first measure was to remove the flag that represents the diversity of native cultures.

"The pro-MAS majority has been displaced from their headquarters after weeks of armed protests by the right-wing minority. We spoke with the former president of ADEPCOCA, Elena Flores. Flores is an Afro-Bolivian leader who was imprisoned by the Añez dictatorship." refer.

They point out that they are using small indigenous groups to argue that the Arce government is looting nature by nationalizing resources. With this they seek to project a climate of chaos among the sectors that have historically supported the MAS, while the historical right instrumentalizes indigenous symbols in favor of the destitutive agenda.

Another sector that this year has been promoted to protest against the current government is the mining sector, a determining factor due to the importance of its existence in the Bolivian society and economy. At the end of August , the Federation of Gold Mining Cooperatives (FECOMAN), made up of the Regional Federation of Gold Mining Cooperatives (Ferreco) and the Regional Federation of Gold Mining Cooperatives of the North of La Paz, radicalized their protests against the government to demand a series of lawsuits.

On that occasion, they blocked some roads and went to the seat of government, even having first-hand political and union interlocutors in the MAS and other government officials.

At the end of this note, the coup plot process continues. The Bolivian opposition this Monday, October 11, blocked streets and avenues in three of the main cities of the country (Santa Cruz, Cochabamba and La Paz) against the government of President Luis Arce, whom they accuse of promoting political trials against opponents and seeking pass a draconian law to investigate fortunes. The call was a failure because it did not meet expectations. The rest of the country remains calm. On the other hand, it is also worth saying that social sectors have called concentrations to defend the Wiphala and against the plan that is underway.

That different sectors are activated in unison against the Bolivian government are indications of an eventual escalation of violence with dismissive airs to come, a scenario conducive to a social upheaval that could become a new coup attempt.

(more...) ... via-y-cuba
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Re: Bolivia

Post by blindpig » Wed Oct 20, 2021 4:39 pm

David Choquehuanca: Decolonization Drives Bolivia’s Climate Agenda
Posted by INTERNATIONALIST 360° on OCTOBER 19, 2021
Justine Teba

David Choquehuanca: An Earth-Centered, Anti-Capitalist Climate Policy from the South


October 11, 2021

Everything is at risk, brothers. Our God is at risk. Our mountains are at risk. The animals are at risk. Life itself in the world is at risk, brothers, it is in danger.

All these crises have been provoked by a global system, a civilization based on the greed of capital. The global capitalist system is trapped in a worldwide crisis that does not have a solution if we are to continue down that path.

But despite that, it keeps expanding forcing the people beneath the dictatorship of money, commercializing nature, destroying economies of nations and impoverishing millions of our planet’s inhabitants.

Imperialist forces are based on the dialectical logic of eliminating differences, and on the liberal logic that centers the individual, which creates division in the world and negates the existence of others. These logics establish a world whose structure is based upon limitless accumulation: in the free market, which gives freedom to some and creates slavery for the rest; in the national protection of nature as an object for dominion and control; in puppet governments in which transnational corporations create conditions that multiply profits for an elite few.

For the thousand-year-old people who have lived thousands of years in harmony with nature, Mother Earth is the totality of time and space. She is a living being, our sacred Mother Earth, she is the mother of the universe. But our form of living in harmony and equilibrium with Mother Earth is about to be eliminated from the face of the earth.

Therefore, the sons and daughters of Pachamama need to awaken our consciousness, we need to understand what global forces are at work in order to act accordingly.

The current geological era known as the Anthropocene confirms human beings’ complete dominion over the planet. The Anthropocene has created a wasteland of disequilibrium in the world and is carrying Mother Earth towards irremediable collapse.

The human being, within the smallest fraction of the time that makes up universal history, is about to put an end to thousands of millions of years of life on the planet in an act of self-destruction that destroys the source of their own life, Mother Earth.

The disequilibrium of Mother Earth is revealed through the climate crisis in the mass extinction of species, in the lack of water, in the deterioration of vital cycles, in the persistence of poverty and inequality, and in the loss of nature’s capacity to renew herself.

The system of global capitalism and unlimited consumerism have caused, over the last two hundred years and with greater intensity in recent decades, a one-degree Celsius increase in temperature as compared to pre-industrial levels.

It is possible that within the next decade the number increases by two degrees centigrade; and in the second half of this century, it may increase by three degrees centigrade.

According to a scientific report, a 1.5 degree increase in temperature would lead to irreparable damage to all systems of life on Mother Earth, and possibly produce catastrophe on our planet.

To stop the climate crisis, we know that fossil fuel emissions must end, and the production of hydrocarbons must go the way of history within the next few decades. We cannot stop the climate crisis without putting an urgent end to greenhouse gas emissions caused by burning fossil fuels.

This is an undeniable reality to which we cannot remain blind.

In the race to stop the production of fossil fuels, transnational corporations have found a world of opportunities, that is, the world of green businesses or green capitalism.

Capitalist forces have begun to construct a new ethic of global environmentalism, adapted to climate-friendly businesses oriented towards finding new sources of energy, yet which continue to reinforce capitalist industriousness, but this time with zero carbon emissions.

The twenty-first century will be very different from the twentieth, but we can only distinguish the vague outlines of this new reality.

This new reality is based in synthetic biology, nanotechnology, biotechnology, robotics, big data, artificial intelligence, virtual reality, and space colonization. Transnational corporate forces are taking human beings and living things to extreme biological and natural limits, disconnecting the lives of the living, and claiming to achieve digital immortality for human beings.

In a not-too-distant future, biological beings will be artificially produced in laboratories where living beings will be designed and manufactured with biological systems made to order, placing life, biological systems that do not exist in nature or modifying those that do exist. Energy will be generated by biological systems and biomass transforming nature in unimaginable ways. Transnational corporations have the knowledge of biology and genetics as well as the technological power to eliminate and discard all living beings of Mother Earth.

Transnational corporations have placed themselves in charge of the new planetary order and of writing the new rules of relation and coexistence between human beings, modern biotechnologies, and cybernetic organisms, with the object of eliminating all vestiges of natural life as we know it today on Mother Earth and implanting forms of artificial or transhuman life.

In this world biological beings will be obsolete and antiquated. Human life will be disposable. The producers of food will become expendable. Living systems will become slaves to technology. Nature will be a blank space that one can fill up with whatever. Society and knowledge will be packaged, and algorithms will provide answers to social, economic, and environmental problems.

In this way, they wish to transform the human being into a supreme being.

Capitalism gains universality with the support of the digital age, and the climate crisis becomes the new instrument to dominate and re-invent the world. In the world, a gigantic technological and socioeconomic breach has formed between developed countries and developing countries.

Technological domination has allowed developed countries to move towards a new postindustrial revolution, based on the creation of alternative sources of energy that can support their economies while developing countries continue to be dependent on hydrocarbons and extractive economies and yet we are being coerced to de-industrialize and to stop our economic growth.

We cannot accept this current model from developed countries to confront the climate crisis.

This process is creating conditions for a great polarization between North and South, a global neocolonization and a shift in systems of life away from that with which we are currently familiar. To prevent this, it is important to promote an equitable and just transition towards a new reality that respects the systems of life.

The developed countries propose two solutions to end the climate crisis. The first is based on natural solutions that propose the idea of observing the carbon in the biosphere that has been placed into the atmosphere for the past two hundred years and which will continue to accumulate. The thought process is that nature can absorb in the next three decades the carbon that has been created over a period of 60 million years.

The second idea is the technological solution that suggests capturing thousands of tons of carbon in the geosphere so that they will not be emitted into the atmosphere. Finally, if that doesn’t work, it is believed that someday there will exist a technology that can remove carbon dioxide in the atmosphere.

For transnational corporations, we human beings have all become guinea pigs, on whom they can experiment without conscience nor mercy. For capitalist forces, nature is called upon to reduce carbon emissions and they have the goal of ensuring that the biggest consumers of carbon can continue to do so with their lucrative businesses. For them, the market in carbon is necessary so that someone else can resolve the climate problem that they have created with developed countries.

The time has come for the recolonization of the world through the colonization of carbon. In this new colonialism, developed countries impose new global architectures and rules for conduct upon all countries and peoples of the world. Where this model fails for the better, it is imposed for the worse.

Despite their self-proclaimed liberalism, these countries use any method within reach to impose their new mandates upon the entire world.

If we continue like this, we, developing countries, will continue to lag behind wealthy and powerful countries, disposable and expendable. We will all be minuscule parts pertaining to an imperial technological power centered on transnational corporate interests.

To work towards a solution to the climate crisis, Bolivia proposes the necessity of reducing emissions by 1.5 degrees centigrade, a goal that our president voiced in his message this morning. This should signal an effort, an additional obligation from developed countries to immediately reduce carbon emissions. These countries need to multiply, five-to-tenfold, their efforts to reduce emissions.

In any other way, we will not be able to meet this objective.

The leadership for the reduction of emissions needs to be assumed by developed nations because they are historically responsible for the climate crisis. And they ought also to pay the climate debt they owe to developing nations.

One long-lasting solution to the multiple crises faced by humanity would be to substitute the current model of anthropocentrism for the cosmobiocentrism of the culture of life, centering all of Mother Earth and all systems of life. We must learn to live well in harmony with Mother Earth. We must stop the movement of society towards posthumanism which works against humanity and work instead towards strengthening communities and systems of life.

For that reason, all our energies must be concentrated on the protection of all communities of life, of all that is organic and has natural life. We must do everything possible to protect and restore our natural ecosystems because they are the flesh and blood of Mother Earth, and because our lives depend on them.

Our age-old worldviews and ways of life, in complementarity with Mother Earth, are strengths capable of supporting other countries, other peoples of the world in resisting the force of neocolonization.

The age-old mandates of ama sua, do not steal; ama llulla, do not lie; and ama quella, do not be lazy, need to go beyond the rules of coexistence among human beings, and need to become principles of coexistence among all living beings on Mother Earth.

Be respectful of Mother Earth, because we do not need to take advantage of her for our own benefit. That which belongs to us also belongs to other living beings, and we must not rob Mother Earth of the future. Be honest with Mother Earth, because we cannot pretend to work for the benefit of all living beings when truthfully, we are working for the sole benefit of human beings. Be hard-working with Mother Earth to prevent taking the maximum benefit from her products, from goods that come from nature, and engaging in environmental operations without working towards the care and reproduction of life.

We must unite as men and women that share one consciousness with Mother Earth. We must delve more deeply into our dialogues, our ceremonies, and our rituals, to meet with our Pachamama, with Mother Earth.

Produce organic nourishment, take care of our seeds, reproduce life, and strengthen nature’s vital cycles. Strengthen the connections between women and men with cosmic energies and telluric energies. Return to nature, converse with plants, protect environmental functions, conserve biodiversity, fight against the climate crisis, denounce transnational recolonization, and fight against methods that place the reproduction of life at risk.

In Bolivia, we must fully enforce law number 071 on the right of Mother Earth. Law number 300 frames Mother Earth and comprehensive development for living well and in creating an office for the protection of Mother Earth. In the world, we must create an assembly for the earth; in the universities, unite as for a universal, primordial mission for the salvation of humankind and Mother Earth from the forces working against life.

Brothers and sisters, this is a very important detour. We must find the time. It is about defending life. It is about defending our mother. Her children, all children, must take care of our mother. Our mother is sacred.

One of the world’s greatest concerns is called climate crisis. Therefore, world leaders, presidents of the world, will be gathering in November. Our president will be there; he will bring the proposals that will emerge from these dialogues. These dialogues will include participation from not only our professional Bolivian brothers, not only those of us that are here are going to participate, but through many of them who have connected, who are connected in this moment. They are connected across five continents.

They are worried, we pay attention, we discuss responsibly. It is about saving life, brothers.It is about preserving the future for our children. It is about taking care of our waters. It is about taking care of our seeds.

Brothers, with these words I conclude my participation for today. Tomorrow we will work and tomorrow afternoon, we will have arrived at some conclusions.

We will work with responsibility. We will take care of our Mother Earth. We will take care of our unity. That is why we are here, brothers.

Brothers, jallalla to Pachamama! Jallalla to unity among the peoples of the world! Jallalla to our Mother Earth! ... te-agenda/
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Re: Bolivia

Post by blindpig » Fri Nov 19, 2021 3:44 pm



An anti-corruption law served as an excuse to destabilize the life of the Bolivian population when opposition sectors called for strikes and protests . It is the already abrogated Law of the National Strategy to Fight the Legitimization of Illicit Profits and Financing of Terrorism (LGI / FT or 1386) proposed by the government of Luis Arce Catacora, president of the Plurinational State of Bolivia, who rejected such mobilizations for constituting, in his opinion, "pretexts, lies and deceptions" stimulated by the environment of the former de facto president Jeanine Áñez and her former ministers.

He was referring to the Minister of the Interior, Arturo Murillo; that of the Presidency, Yerko Núñez; and Defense, Luis Fernando López, who would be linked to crimes in the framework of the 2019 coup against the government of then president Evo Morales.

In a meeting with peasants in La Paz, Arce recalled that, at the end of November 2020, the former deputy of the Movement to Socialism (MAS), Lidia Patty, denounced the leader of the political group Creemos, Luis Fernando Camacho, and his father José Luis, for alleged crimes of conspiracy, destabilization, terrorism and sedition in the context of the coup, although his cases have not advanced.

Camacho's presence in the coup strategy is constant, as is known he was at the head of the mobilizations that overthrew Morales along with military and police elites. A month after the coup, a video was revealed in which Camacho himself acknowledged that his father had agreed with leaders of the Armed Forces and the Police for that operation. The current governor of the Department of Santa Cruz, a stronghold of the opposition, confessed that the pact included a mining leader, who offered him 6,000 miners full of dynamite to overthrow Morales after his re-election.

Rómulo Calvo (left) and his predecessor in the presidency of the Pro Santa Cruz Civic Committee, Luis Fernando Camacho (center) favored the overthrow of Evo Morales in 2019

" When we close with everything and on Saturday, before Evo Morales resigns, the guy says 'gather all the people, all the civic at the door of the hotel, I'm going to show my face.' Until that moment he had only spoken I already had 6 thousand miners full of dynamite to enter and remove Evo Morales, "he said.

According to him, this miner played two sides. The morning of that day, Morales called him to ask him to protect the Plaza Murillo because the military had turned their back on him, likewise the police, and he did not allow the miner to support the former president. He also stressed that his father told him he was planning to overthrow and promised that he would become president after Morales.

Camacho's task has been joined by his successor in the presidency of the Pro Santa Cruz Civic Committee, Rómulo Calvo , who invoked the Armed Forces and the Bolivian Police to join "the people", as did his predecessor. Based on false information they position their "fight" (he said repeatedly that this is his third round or his last chance to seek "freedom and democracy").

They sowed doubts about norms that are key to the institutional stability lost during the de facto government of Áñez and are justified in rumors on social networks, such as that of an alleged mobilization of troops, despite the clarification from the National Army: the Forces The armed forces are "garrisoned" to repress the strike by the unionists, which is why they mobilized troops and weapons in recent days.

It should be remembered that those same rumors were realities during the de facto government, supported by Camacho and Calvo, which carried out massacres on November 15, 2019 in Sacaba, Cochabamba, and on November 19 in Senkata, El Alto.

Just as the lines of financing for this sector linked to the coup and terror from the United States and other latitudes of the Global North remain clearly intact, the governor shows serious limitations in applying anticovid vaccines to the population that elected him as prefect.


During the first year of Arce's government, completed on November 8, he has been able to fulfill the commitment to achieve political and social stability for the population, through economic growth, industrialization with import substitution and the structural fight against the covid-19 pandemic. This was stated by the president when presenting his first management report before the Plurinational Legislative Assembly, the country's legislative body.

He highlighted that, between November 2020 and September 2021, Bolivia reached a "trade surplus" of 1,576 million dollars, an unprecedented figure since 2014. He affirmed that it was achieved thanks to "greater dynamism of exports", which have contributed to the country an average monthly income of 866 million dollars.

He explained that the reversal of the accumulated falls in the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of -12.9% and -12.6% during the second and third quarters of 2020, left by the de facto former president Jeanine Áñez, was achieved after the implementation of different measures to "rebuild the economy" and find the "proper management" of the covid-19 pandemic.

The LGI / FT, approved last August, responded to the fulfillment of a commitment of the Bolivian State in the international arena with the UN, with the International Financial Action Group (FATF), among others, in the area of ​​prevention and fight against legitimation. illicit profits and terrorist financing.

It was proposed as an effort by State bodies and entities with a multidimensional approach that means addressing this problem from three attack fronts: 1) prevention; 2) detection and intelligence; and 3) repression and criminal justice, including the consideration of cross-cutting issues, which would strategically cover all areas of action.

Opposing media incubated the matrix of the "regulatory package" that would affect transporters, merchants, self-employed workers or others. The more moderate argued that the rule would grant unrestricted power to the so-called Financial Investigations Unit (UIF) to investigate all Bolivians at their discretion. As is the custom of the right, they encouraged salaried and informal sectors to defend the privileges of the financial and landlord elites, in the purest McCarthyism style with which they have operated for at least 70 years.

One of the criticisms was made of the annex, in the section on essential aspects of the fight against LGI / FT. There, the prevalence of informal conditions in the economy is cited as a vulnerability, which allows criminal organizations the possibility of opening businesses and using them to enter the resources of their criminal activity into the economy. To this end, the FIU, like other state entities, had to "form a commission to develop a diagnosis of the informal sector that allows identifying the magnitude of informal activities and their impact on the risks of LGI / FT in that sector."

Opposition senators indicated that, as Bolivia's economy is 80% informal, this would generate a repressive regime, since all people who carry out operations outside the financial system would be suspicious. With this and other similar arguments, the civic committees, groups of the extreme right, mobilized the employers of the transport, commerce and health sectors, who called for the paralysis of activities throughout the country and to "overthrow the government" through an escalation. violent from November 8 until the so-called "Mother Law" was repealed. According to the executive secretary of the National Confederation of Union Workers of Bolivia, Francisco Figueroa, if the Executive did not repeal the norm, they would go to an indefinite strike .

In addition, the Federation of Professionals of Santa Cruz rejected the processing of Law 342 and the Economic and Social Development Plan (PDES) 2021-2025, because it would supposedly take away the planning and financing faculties from departmental and municipal governments and universities. and execution of its plans, which was denied by the government through the Minister of Public Works, Edgar Montaño. The official recalled that the Bolivian Constitution establishes that the State defines economic policy and national planning, so "absolutely nothing is being violated."

In Potosí, 22-year-old Basilio Titi Tipolo was assassinated in the midst of clashes with members of the Potosinist Civic Committee (CONCIPO) on Tuesday 9. They took two indigenous people hostage, beat them and forced them to walk alongside them while insulting them. There were 63 injured, one seriously. This event radicalized the strike, making it clear that the police were not fulfilling their function of preventing confrontations and staging all the elements of a color revolution.

Through a media campaign, the professional and informal sectors were induced to join the staging of an indefinite strike to protest against an anti-corruption law aimed at looting elites, not the majority.

Last Friday, President Arce called a meeting of all the unions in the country, without any restriction, to discuss and analyze some aspects of the LGI / FT to which the National Confederation of Trade Unions of Bolivia put the repeal of the norm as a condition for attend any meeting with the government.

On Saturday 13, after meeting with the unions, he decided to repeal the aforementioned law stating: "We have made the decision to repeal Law 1386, in order to pave the way so that there is no greater pretext to continue mistreating, mourning and paralyzing our economy".

He added that, although social movements called the debate on the law, extremist sectors used it to generate destabilization: "There is a political agenda in this questioning of the law, we have listened to the agreements signed between the ministers who have traveled to the nine departments with social organizations where there are proposals to modify articles of the law, "he added.

At that same meeting, various union representatives (peasants, transporters, and workers) expressed their defense of democracy and constitutionality in the Andean country. At the same time, they warned that the so-called civic committees intend to carry out another coup.

<snip> ... via-y-cuba

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Re: Bolivia

Post by blindpig » Sat Nov 27, 2021 2:59 pm

Giant March Supporting Arce Advances Through Bolivian Highlands

Citizens heading towards La Paz City, Bolivia, Nov. 26, 2021. | Photo: MAS

Published 26 November 2021 (18 hours 29 minutes ago)

"Long live our President Lucho! Fight, you are not alone!," thousands of Indigenous farmers and workers shout as they pass through the towns and cities.

After leaving Patacamaya three days ago, the “March for the Homeland” has traveled 95 out of 200 kilometers needed to reach La Paz City, where it will express its support for President Luis Arce.

The Bolivian Labor Union (COB) and dozens of social organizations decided to mobilize their militants in defense of a democratically elected government, which is being threatened by the Santa Cruz Civic Committee and other far-right organizations that have openly called for a new coup d'etat.

During its journey, the March swelled its ranks with Indigenous farmers, students, and workers who joined the defense of the government led by the Movement Towards Socialism (MAS).

"Long live the Unity March! Long live our President Lucho! Long live the March for the Homeland! Fight, you are not alone!," the marchers shout as they pass through the towns and cities.

“In order to reach La Paz in less than 7 days, people speed up their pace by jogging from time to time. Today they planned to travel 40 kms," teleSUR correspondent Freddy Morales reported, adding that the Female Farmers Federation "Bartolina Sisa" demanded that the U.S.-backed opposition respect the will of the people.

The inclement Andean cold has not stopped thousands of marchers who have slept for three days in the open air. “When they pass through the villages, people share food, fruits and water with them,” the teleSUR correspondent testified.

This gigantic march includes social organizations such as the Bolivian Confederation of Agricultural Workers (CSUTCB), the Confederacy of Intercultural Communities (CSCIOB), the National Council of Ayllus (CONAMQ), and the Confederation of Indigenous peoples of Eastern Bolivia (CIDOB). ... -0010.html

This story didn't make the MSM, shocked, I tell you...had it been a march organized by the fascist-capitalists I bet it would have. But then it never would have happened because those miscreants lack both the numbers and the stamina.
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Re: Bolivia

Post by blindpig » Wed Dec 01, 2021 3:12 pm

Evo Morales: the march for love of the country was impressive

The March for the Homeland arrived in the city of La Paz after traveling more than 188 kilometers in seven days. | Photo: Twitter @LuchoXBolivia

Published 30 November 2021

Morales warned that the Bolivian right wing has tried to find alternatives to carry out another coup.

The president of the Movement to Socialism - Political Instrument for the Sovereignty of the Peoples (MAS-IPSP) of Bolivia, Evo Morales, described this Tuesday as impressive the March for the Homeland in defense of the Government chaired by Luis Arce.

In an exclusive interview for teleSUR, during the program Es Noticia, the former Bolivian president asserted that the march for love of the country was "impressive, to defend our national government, President Lucho and Vice President David (Choquehuanca), our Plurinational State ".

Morales warned that, since the results of the presidential elections in favor of President Arce were known, the right wing has tried to find alternatives to carry out another coup.

In addition, he added that during the March for the Homeland tour, which arrived in the city of La Paz on Monday after traveling more than 188 kilometers in seven days, those attending the mobilization asked him not to abandon the process to avoid further actions of destabilization.

"On the way some brothers told me: Evo, defend us. There cannot be another coup. Do not abandon the process, defend the homeland," he said and stressed that every day people continued to join.

The former head of state highlighted the solidarity of the population as the march reached a new town, specifying that they were sometimes greeted with parties and indigenous music from the region, demonstrating their support.

"There will be no other coup"

Former President Morales emphasized that "Luis Arce is not going to be given a coup" and reiterated his commitment to supporting the current Bolivian government to guarantee democracy and sovereignty in the country.

"When democracy is in danger, the people mobilize to defend the homeland," he said, commenting that those attending the march reiterated that they do not want the coup leaders or racists to return to power.

Defense of the Plurinational State

Morales recalled that after the 2019 coup, the right sought to replace the 1994 Constitution and leave behind the Magna Carta that recognizes the Plurinational State.

"When it comes to defending the homeland, the homeland unites us all (...) When they reject the Plurinational State it is because they want to replace the colonial State," he said, adding that the right has always tried to divide them.

He also recalled that "in the past there were no traitors. At the head of Lucho and David we are united. The homeland is a factor of unity. This march for the homeland is out of love for the homeland, love for Bolivia."

Bolivian Justice

On the other hand, the former Bolivian president reiterated the importance of implementing justice to compensate the population after the massacres, aggressions, assassinations and repressions that occurred during the de facto government of Jeanine Áñez.

"To do justice for the people. We hope that the coup plotters will go to jail," he declared. ... -0034.html

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Re: Bolivia

Post by blindpig » Fri Jan 21, 2022 2:22 pm

“Behind the Extractivist Criticism of Progressive Governments Lies the Shadow of Conservative Restoration”

Posted by INTERNATIONALIST 360° on JANUARY 20, 2022
Alvaro García Linera


In the face of the naive leftism that thinks that a society can escape world domination by itself, Lenin and Marx remind us that capitalism is planetary, and that the only way to overcome it is also planetary. Therefore the struggles and efforts for the socialization of production in a single country are just that: efforts, battles and scattered skirmishes that carry a historical intentionality, but that can only triumph if they expand as struggles on a world scale. Communism is either planetary or it will never happen. And as long as there is a general pre-dominance of capitalism, within which emerge flashes and tendencies of struggles of a potential new mode of production that cannot exist locally, this can only be present as that: a tendency, a struggle, a possibility; since its existence will only be possible when it exists in a planetary geopolitical dimension. The illusion of “communism in one country” was just that, an illusion that brought dire consequences for the workers of that country and for the expectations of the revolution in the 20th century.

Socialism is not a new mode of production that would coexist alongside capitalism, territorially disputing the world or a country. Socialism is a battlefield between capitalism in crisis, and the tendencies, potentialities and efforts to communitize production; in other words, it is the historical period of struggle between the established dominant capitalist mode of production, and a potentially new one. The only mode of production that surpasses capitalism is communism, the communitarization of the production of the material life of society. And that mode of production does not exist in pieces, it can only exist on a planetary level. But as long as that does not happen, the only thing left is the struggle.

This brief basic account of the logic of revolutionary processes is important because there are those who reproach us for submitting to the planetary division of world labor, as if the rupture of this division could be made by a single country (Stalin’s illusion) and by the pure will of the word. No contemporary revolution has been able to break the world division of labor, nor will it be able to do so until there is a social mass politically in motion, sufficiently extended territorially (global) and technically sustainable, to modify the correlation of geopolitical forces in the world. Therefore, rather than pulling one’s hair out over the current validity of the “capitalist division of labor”, the most important thing is to erode that division of labor through the territorial expansion of the revolutionary and progressive processes of the world.

The Bolivian revolutionary process is also reproached for remaining in the “extractivist” stage of the economy, which would maintain a harmful activity with nature and would seal its dependence on world capitalist domination.

There is no historical evidence to certify that capitalist industrial societies are less harmful to Mother Earth than those dedicated to the extraction of raw materials, renewable or non-renewable. Moreover, the data on global warming refer fundamentally to the emission of greenhouse gases by highly industrial societies.

And with regard to the possibilities of autarkic regions with respect to the capitalist order, Marx more than 100 years ago made fun of those utopians who believed that social “islands” could be created that were not under the influence of capitalist relations of domination. By way of irony he pointed out that perhaps some recently formed coral island in the southern seas could fulfill this utopian requirement, since the rest of society was in one way or another subjected to the dominant economic relations.

Just as the extractivism of our societies is in the midst of the networks of the international division of labor; the industrialization of raw materials or the knowledge economy are participants in the same capitalist world division of labor. Neither extractivism nor non-extractivism are solutions to this planetary domination. And in fact, it is possible to think that in the future construction of a communitarian mode of production, where the totality of the common wealth, material and immaterial, is produced and managed by the producers themselves, there will be some extractivist countries and regions.

It is therefore naïve to believe that extractivism, non-extractivism or industrialism are a vaccine against injustice, exploitation and inequality, because in themselves they are neither modes of production nor modes of managing wealth. They are technical systems of processing nature through labor, and can be present in pre-capitalist, capitalist or communitarian societies. Only depending on how these technical systems are used, on how the wealth thus produced is managed, will it be possible to have economic regimes with greater or lesser justice, with or without exploitation of labor.

The critics of extractivism confuse the technical system with the mode of production, and from this confusion they associate extractivism with capitalism, forgetting that there are non-extractivist societies, industrial societies that are fully capitalist!

There can be capitalist, non-capitalist, pre-capitalist or post-capitalist extractivist societies. And likewise, there can be non-extractivist capitalist, non-capitalist or post-capitalist societies. Extractivism is not a destiny, but it can be the starting point for overcoming it. Certainly in it is condensed all the territorial distribution of the world division of labor – a distribution that is often colonial. And to break this colonial subordination it is not enough to fill one’s mouth with insults against this extractivism, to stop producing and sink the people into greater misery, so that later the right wing returns and without modifying it, partially satisfies the basic needs of the population. This is precisely the trap of the unthinking critics in favor of non-extractivism, who in their political liturgy mutilate the revolutionary forces and governments of the material means to satisfy the needs of the population, generate wealth and distribute it with justice; and from there create a new non-extractivist material base that preserves and expands the benefits of the working population.

Like all emancipation, the emancipation of extractivism has to start precisely from it, from what as a technical form it has made of society. Currently, for us as a country, it is the only technical means we have to distribute the material wealth generated thanks to it (but in a different way than before), besides, it also allows us to have the material, technical and cognitive conditions to transform its technical and productive base. Because if not, how can we overcome extractivism, by ceasing production, closing the tin mines, the gas wells, going backwards in the satisfaction of the basic material means of existence, as suggested by its critics? Is this not rather the route to the increase of poverty and the direct road to the restoration of the neoliberals? Is not tying the hands of the revolutionary process for the sake of rejecting extractivism what the conservative forces most desire in order to suffocate it?

By overcoming extractivism we are not going to overcome capitalism. If only things were that easy. And if they were – as some of our critics childishly believe – the United States would be the first communist country in the world! But beware, this does not mean that overcoming extractivism cannot help the revolutionary processes underway. It can help them, in the first place, because the phases of industrialization or production of knowledge allow the creation of a greater economic surplus that can be redistributed to satisfy the needs of society. Secondly, because it can reduce the harmful impacts on the environment; and thirdly, because it empowers society with a greater technical-productive capacity to control global production processes.

But in any case, neither extractivism condemns us to capitalism, nor non-extractivism will lead us directly to socialism. Everything depends on political power, on the social mobilization capable of directing the productive processes – extractivist or non-extractivist – towards the growing communitarization of their operational control and the social distribution of the wealth generated.

And in this task, in a first stage, is it not possible to use the resources provided by the primary export activity controlled by the State to generate surpluses to satisfy the minimum living conditions of Bolivians, and to guarantee an intercultural and scientific education that generates an intellectual critical mass capable of assuming and leading the emerging processes of industrialization and knowledge economy? Will socialism knock on the door by ceasing to produce raw materials? By untimely abandoning “extractivism” will we have the material and intellectual resources to move immediately to the industrial and cognitive stages of production? Is it not that by uncritically condemning the so-called extractivism, in fact, the Plurinational State is being left economically defenseless and poor so that it is unable to respond to the expansion of social rights that have emerged in the revolutionary process initiated in the year 2000?

We must overcome the stage of being simple producers of raw materials. That is clear. But this cannot be achieved by returning to the situation of state mendicancy that characterized Bolivia until 2005, when the wealth generated was in the hands of foreign companies. This is not achieved by paralyzing the productive apparatus, contracting the surplus that comes from raw materials and returning to a self-subsistence economy that will not only place us at a level of greater defenselessness than before, leading us to the total abdication of any hint of sovereignty (whose material basis lies in the country being able to live and eat from its work); but it will also open the doors to the employer-neoliberal restoration that will present itself as the one that can satisfy the basic material demands of society.

Behind the recent extractivist criticism against revolutionary and progressive governments, there is the shadow of conservative restoration. In view of this, and as a way of deepening social mobilization and gradually overcoming extractivism, we consider that in the first place we must satisfy the urgent needs of the population, raise the indispensable social benefits of the working classes and, based on this, create the cultural, educational and material conditions to democratize even beyond the State the control of the common wealth, and to communitize (also beyond the State) the property and social production itself. In the midst of this, we must at the same time build a new technological support for the production of wealth that will overcome extractivism. And that is precisely what we are doing as a government: generating wealth and redistributing it among the population; reducing poverty and extreme poverty; improving the educational conditions of the population. And parallel to all this, we are undertaking industrialization. In the case of hydrocarbons, by investing in two liquid separator plants: one in Gran Chaco, to be delivered in 2014, and the other in Río Grande, to be delivered in 2013. In addition, we have the Urea and Ammonia plant, with a cost of US$843 million, which will start operating in 2015; an ethylene and polyethylene plant to be delivered in 2016, and another GTL (gas-to-liquid conversion) plant that should start operating in 2014. In relation to lithium industrialization, we have made great strides. With Bolivian scientists and technology, the semi-industrial production of potassium chloride has been delivered this August, and before the end of the year, the same will be done with lithium carbonate. For 2014, a gigantic industrial production of potassium and lithium is planned, in addition to the cathode and battery factories. The objective recently proposed by the President to all Bolivians is that before the bicentenary of the Independence (that is, before 2025) no material from the country will be sold without some kind of industrial processing, without added value. This will require a profound scientific-technological transformation of the country and an unprecedented investment in knowledge. And of course we will do it.

Obviously it is not a simple process; it requires years, perhaps decades. The important thing is to reorient the direction of production, without forgetting that today we must also satisfy the pressing basic needs, which were precisely those that led the population to assume the construction of State power. This is precisely what we are doing in Bolivia.

Translation by Internationalist 360° ... storation/

Apparently dated but a very pertinent topic whose resolution becomes more important by the day. It is the sort of thing that will give idealists conniptions and any socialist a good hard 'think' . We know what must be done but how it is done will be dependent upon local conditions. Needs of the future, needs of the present must both be addressed and this is tricky business which cannot be postponed. One cannot be sacrificed for the other: continued productionism brings environmental ruin, putting the future before the needs of the present will be eco-fascism. Nothing worth doing is easy.
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Re: Bolivia

Post by blindpig » Wed Feb 16, 2022 2:48 pm

Bolivia: Evo Morales Warns of DEA-driven Destabilisation Plan

The former president of Bolivia, Evo Morales, denounced this Saturday that the United States Drug Enforcement Agency (DEA) is executing a destabilizing plan. Feb. 12, 2022. | Photo: Twitter: @MV_Eng

Published 12 February 2022

Morales issued a warning to the Bolivian people and the international community about a plan that may be executed by the DEA plan.

The former president of Bolivia, Evo Morales, denounced this Saturday that the United States Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) is executing a destabilising plan against the coca growers' movement and its leaders.

In a series of tweets on his official account, Morales warned the Bolivian people and the international community about this plan by the DEA, along with its political and media agents operating in Bolivia.

"The DEA is carrying out a destabilising plan of lies and hate speech against the coca growers' movement and its leaders. Their plan is to lie in order to divide", Morales wrote, after the US offered up to five million dollars for information leading to the conviction of Maximiliano Dávila, former anti-drugs chief in the government of the former Bolivian president.

We warn the Bolivian people and the international community that the DEA, together with its political and media agents operating in the country, is executing a destabilizing plan of lies and hate speech against the coca grower movement and its leaders. His plan is to lie to divide

According to the former president, "this political operation (of the DEA) follows the same tactics that the US uses to justify coups and invade countries.

"To carry out the Condor Plan, they accused popular governments of being "communists", to plunder natural resources, they accused socialist presidents of being "terrorists", he stressed.

"In Bolivia, as the right wing has failed and shown that it is only good for robbing the state, stealing and massacring, the US and its agencies (such as the DEA) are trying to discredit us politically in order to eliminate us physically. Our defence will always be with truth and honesty," Morales said.

"One of the ideological bases of our struggle is the defence of sovereignty. The DEA is responsible for the massacres against sisters and brothers in the tropics," said the former head of state, who was the victim of a coup at the end of 2019.

From New York, the prosecutor of the Southern District Court of Manhattan, Damian Williams, and the DEA administrator, Anne Milgram, accused Maximiliano Dávila of "importing cocaine" into the United States and of "possession" of weapons.

"Those who attempt against our security and life forget that we come from the resistance of the humble and working people against the repressive system of neoliberalism that serves US imperialism. To lend oneself to the DEA's conspiracy is to betray the struggle of the Bolivian people," Morales wrote on Wednesday. ... -0008.html


Evo Morales Has Nothing To Do With Genocide: The Hague Court

Former President Evo Morales (C), Bolivia. | Photo: Twitter/ @AmautaNew

Published 15 February 2022

Jeanine Añez's dictatorship accused Morales of organizing a 12-day roadblock, which allegedly prevented the arrival of urgent medical supplies to public hospitals in August 2020.

On Monday, the International Criminal Court (ICC) rejected the request made by the regime of Jeanine Añez (2019-2020) to investigate Bolivia's former president Evo Morales for alleged crimes against humanity.

The U.S.-backed "interim" government accused Morales of organizing from his exile in Mexico a 12-day roadblock, which allegedly prevented the arrival of urgent medical supplies to public hospitals in August 2020.

"Following a thorough and independent assessment of the information available to my office, I have determined that the alleged conduct does not satisfy the contextual elements of crimes against humanity," the ICC Chief Prosecutor Karim Khan stated.

She also reaffirmed that the protest’s leader ordered to let go of the medicines, a decision that does not show any sign of a coordinated attack against the civilian population.

"The ICC decision is a victory of truth over falsehood," Morales considered, recalling that the protest's participants rejected the election postponement prompted by the Añez regime.

Morales resigned from the presidency in 2019 and accepted exile in Mexico to avoid progressive leaders being persecuted amid the U.S.-backed coup. In Dec. 2020, he returned to Bolivia after the Movement Towards Socialism (MA) militant Luis Arce won the presidential elections with 55 percent of the votes.

"The Bolivian far-right pursue me for having nationalized natural resources and defended our country’s sovereignty. It does not tire of slandering against progressive leaders to eliminate our political influence. Justice, however, will always prevail,” Morales said. ... -0010.html
"There is great chaos under heaven; the situation is excellent."

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